Columbus Georgia is a Southern city where American history and culture converge. Columbus was founded in 1828 by an act of the Georgia legislature and is the last planned city of the original thirteen colonies. The city was laid out by its five original commissioners. Homes were built in the summer months. Historic homes from that century are featured on the Heritage Corner Tour.
Columbus was established along the Chattahoochee River in an area opposite the Creek Indians' trading center. This trading center was near the falls that were the subject of lore told by Spanish explorers. Sites from Columbus' earliest days include Kyle Indian Mound, Woodlands Era Indian site, Marshall's Indian Trading Post, Bull Creek and the Bull Creek Bridge. At Bull Creek, artifacts dating back to the days of Christopher Columbus were found. These artifacts told the story of the Indians who inhabited the area. Cotton and other goods were brought to the area by steamboats. Eventually, Columbus became Georgia's frontier port city and a manufacturing and textile hub.